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Free Trade Agreement Percentage

Free Trade Agreement Percentage: Understanding What It Means

Free trade agreements (FTAs) are a crucial aspect of international trade, with several countries coming together to reduce trade barriers and increase the flow of goods and services between them. The benefits of FTAs are numerous, including the stimulation of economic growth, increased competition, lower prices, and improved consumer choice. However, when it comes to understanding the details of an FTA, particularly the percentage involved, it can be a bit confusing.

What is Free Trade Agreement Percentage?

The free trade agreement percentage refers to the percentage of goods and services that would be subject to the reduction or elimination of tariffs under an FTA. This percentage is determined by the negotiators of the respective countries and can vary from one FTA to another. For example, in the US-Canada-Mexico Free Trade Agreement (USMCA), 75% of the goods traded between these three countries must originate from within the trade bloc to qualify for tariff-free treatment.

The percentage can also vary from one product to another. For instance, in the US-Korea Free Trade Agreement, some agricultural products such as beef and pork have a higher percentage, while other products, such as cosmetics and medical devices, have a lower percentage.

The Importance of Free Trade Agreement Percentage

The percentage is crucial for businesses that are looking to export their goods and services to other countries. By knowing the percentage, businesses will be able to calculate the cost of their products accurately and determine whether they can compete effectively in the market. Additionally, the percentage can also determine the extent to which the FTA will benefit the economy of the participating countries.

To illustrate, suppose a country has an FTA with another country and has a high percentage of goods and services that can enjoy tariff-free treatment. In that case, it means that businesses in that country can export their products more easily and at a lower cost. This, in turn, would lead to increased trade between the two countries, stimulate economic growth, and result in more job opportunities.


Free trade agreements are essential for promoting international trade and cooperation among countries. Understanding the free trade agreement percentage is crucial for businesses and policymakers to understand the real benefits of participating in such agreements. By having a clear understanding of the percentage, businesses can determine whether an FTA is a viable option for exporting their goods and services, while policymakers can gauge the potential benefits and drawbacks of entering such agreements.